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How to take care of azaleain winter and summer. Instructions on how to grow azalea at home or in the garden. From cures to diseases to pruning and repotting. What to do if the azalea does not bloom or sheds leaves.
L'azalea, among the most common ornamental plants in Italian gardens and balconies, requires details care to ensure plenty of it flowering every year.
Azaleas give us pink and colorful flowers, depending on the chosen variety we can have aazalea white, red, purple, pink ... there are many hybrids on the market so as to allow the choice between single or double flowering plants. In any proposed variety, the azalea offers a flowering wonderful!
Let's see in detail how to cure azalea, following our instructions.
Azalea, meaning and symbol
In the language of flowers, theazalea issymbolof luck and femininity: it is no coincidence that it is one of the plants most given to women, especially to mothers. Just as mimosa is a symbol of Women's Day, the azalea over time has become the symbol of Mother's Day. In particular, thewhite azaleait represents the purest love there is, that is, maternal love.
Is azalea an indoor or outdoor plant?
L'azalea it can be planted both in the ground and then grown as an outdoor plant, or in pots and kept in the garden or ... even at home! In other words, azalea can be grown both indoors and outdoors, although with the arrival of summer it is always better to move it outdoors, perhaps to organize a flowered balcony!
How to take care of azalea
At the time of purchase, do not transplant the plant immediately if it is in full bloom. The azalea in bloom should not be repotted. Wait for the plant to have completely withered to place it in its final home.
If thepotted azalea sheds its leaves or flowers, it means that he is undergoing some kind of stress. Reassess the environment in which you are growing it, and ask yourself these questions: does it receive enough light? Is the soil acidic enough? Have you recently repotted? When was the last fertilization?
Where to grow azalea
Place the plant in a bright environment but not in direct contact with the sun's rays: it must be emphasized that there are some varieties that have greater resistance to the sun, but it is always advisablegrow azaleasin bright environments but never directly exposed to the sun.
If placed in partial shade, azaleas will not have the strength to produce blooms while if in full flower, the azalea will immediately tend to wither. Lack of light is one of the most common causes whenazalea does not bloom. If you wantgrowing azalea at home, place it in an environment where it is possible to carry out daily air changes and with a good humidity regulation (no overheated or too dry rooms).
How to irrigate the azalea
With the arrival of summer, make sure that the azalea has abundant irrigation, taking care to always keep a moist substrate: do not overdo it, otherwise you risk rotting the roots causing irreparable damage. To constantly ensure the right degree of humidity, you can arrange a mulch with bark commonly found in garden centers.
For irrigation, do not use tap water if it is calcareous. Calcareous water increases the pH of the soil and this can causeyellowing of the leavesorpremature leaf fall. These phenomena are very common when cultivatingpotted azalea.
For irrigation, you can use distilled water collected from the conditioner or acidified water. How to acidify water for azaleas? Add acidic elements such as a tablespoon of wine vinegar for every 10 liters of water. You should let the vinegar act for 12 hours before irrigation. Irrigate without stirring the water and discarding the water that remains on the bottom of the watering can where the calcium salts (limestone) have accumulated.
Azalea, acidophilic plant
Since azaleas are acidophilic plants, remember that they need a soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6 and that you cannot use universal fertilizers because they are too rich in nitrogen.
Make sure the plant has the right nutrition. In this case, it is good to use acidophilic fertilizer during the summer, adding a liquid product to the irrigation water or a specific granular fertilizer.
Fertilizer for azaleas
If at home you already have a specific fertilizer for orchids, rhododendrons or geraniums, you can use that but you absolutely cannot use the classic universal fertilizer or fertilizer for flowering plants. If you don't have fertilizers for acidophilic plants at home, choose a specific one for azaleas, you can easily buy it at garden centers or by taking advantage of the online purchase.
For example, a very good one fertilizer for azaleas able to reduce the pH of the soil (so it will make your life easier if you irrigate the plants with tap water) and able to provide all the specific nutrients for plant growth and flowering, you can buy it on Amazon at a price of 17.29 euros with shipping costs free. For all information on the fertilizer mentioned, I refer you to "this Amazon page".
How to cure sick azalea
As stated, if the azalea loses leaves or does not bloom, the problem is probably related to nutrients or the pH of the soil (it will therefore be enough to fertilize), or to incorrect exposure or wrong irrigation. However, these are not the only problems that can afflict our plant.
Pay attention to pests and diseases: azalea can be attacked by fungi and molds that can be fought with preventive products. Other major threats are spider mites, aphids, and scale insects.
If you notice that the plant tends to discolor, it is possible that it suffers from iron chlorosis, due to an alteration in the pH of the soil
How to repot the azalea
At the moment of repotting, use a specific soil for acidophilic plants.
Before proceeding with therepotting the azalea make sure that the pot or the ground has good drainage: for this purpose it is preferable to add a part of sand or, to the bottom of the pot or hole, add expanded clay.
Other indoor flowering plants: how to care for orchids.