How to sprout seeds

How to sprout seeds

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How to sprout seeds: advice on seed germination. From the most common seeds (lemon, bean, tomato, hemp, chilli ...) to the most difficult seeds that need scarification. Germination in water, in damp cotton balls and many useful tips.

Who has never bought one of those sachets of seeds?Here, now the raw material is there, the enthusiasm too ... buthow seeds are sprouted? Grow your own plants fromseedit's easy and cheap but sometimes takes time.

Farsprout the seedsit is a feasible and accessible practice to all both from a practical point of view (skills such as patience and commitment are required) and from an instrumental point of view (no special devices are required).

How to germinate seeds in cotton, wadding, paper towels, gauze or soil

Theregermination of a seedit can take place on various supports, there are those who recommend gauze, wadding, water or cotton balls, those who suggest absorbent paper or, again, those who recommend soft soil. All listed media are more or less valid. It is very common to make hemp, bean or pea seeds germinate in cotton.

Cotton, as well as gauze, are very absorbent and therefore offer a good degree of humidity to the seed but these supports hide pitfalls. The seed, once germinated, may struggle to extricate itself from the cotton ball so it requires daily attention.

For a matter of practicality we recommend you to to sprout the seeds(any) in soft soil. Wadding and gauze tend to damage thesprouts, the blotting paper is only indicated if you need toto sprout5-10 seeds.

For to germinate hemp seeds, for example, many recommend the use of absorbent paper napkins, of course, they are suitable, even more than wadding (cotton ball) but even in this case the soil wins. Providing the germination of hemp seeds directly in the soil, you will have healthier plants. Same goes for chili seeds, lemon and other species.

Also, who wants to dosprout the 20-30 grams ofseedscontained in a commercial sachet will need a larger container and will certainly need to use soft soil.

The seeds to germinate

If you bought a sachet ofseeds, make sure the year of packaging: the older theseedsand the lower the chances ofgermination.

Certain seeds, such as those of some varieties of lettuce and snapdragon, need light to germinate and therefore must not be buried; others need to be cold and therefore have to be placed in the refrigerator… most of seeds,forsproutthey need a temperature of 15-20 ° C, in any case, read the instructions on the sachet of seeds.

At what depth should the seeds be buried

The general rule is that the seed must be buried to a depth equal to double its length. For hemp seeds the depth will be 0.5 cm (and the soil temperature must be 20 ° C).

If you want to sow and sprout your plants in the garden, in the open field, you can broadcast sow and then rake superficially, or sow in special holes that you have patiently made.

How to sprout seeds: the container

Let's start with the container. There are several models on the market: biodegradable jars, cell trays, peat jars ... at home you can use less professional but equally effective tools such as yogurt pots, glasses or even better, tubs of ice cream weighing at least 2 kg!

Remember to deal with space, it is one thing to dosprout3 - 7 suits, very different speech if you want to dosprout30 grams ofseedsso you can have free radicchio for at least ten months!

Then, keep in mind that if you sow in tiny containers, once the seedlings have developed their first true leaves, you will need to transplant them into slightly larger containers.

Which soil to use to germinate the seeds

There is soil for sowing on the market, it is sold in bags and it is quite cheap. Those who want to avoid this expense can use the classic cultivation soil but will have to be careful to sift it. Just after planting, moisten the soil.

Germination of seeds, tips

After sowing, moisten the soil further with a sprayer.

Cover the seedbeds to prevent moisture dispersion.

When the plants have developed 3 - 4 true leaves, you can proceed with the actual planting.

Seedlings require 14 to 16 hours of direct light to allow newly sprouted plants to grow healthily.

Hard seed scarification

In the case of seeds with a very rigid and thick integument, to favor theirgerminationit continues not only with the administration of low temperatures (keep the seeds in the refrigerator for at least two weeks and then move them to a warm and humid environment) but also with thescarification.

Therescarificationit is a procedure that aims to thin the thickness of the external integument of the seeds so as to favor their germination. You can proceed by abrasion (with fine-grained sandpaper) or by engraving (more difficult and recommended only for experts).

The container for making plants germinate: the photo gallery

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