Composting, practical instructions

Composting, practical instructions

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Compost from yourself: what it takes to produce fertile compost in the home garden. Useful information and advice to start and manage a composter in the best possible way.

The composting allows us to preserve resources and take care of our garden in a natural way. The composting it is an agricultural practice that has been going on for centuries, yet it has only recently entered the domestic environment, leaving room for numerous doubts: how to compost? What can be thrown into the compost bin? Where can i compost? This article will answer all your concerns.

Where to compost?

Here are our tips for the ideal place to organize the heap to produce compost or where to place the composter.

  • An area protected from the wind
  • An area in dim light
  • Near the house but close to the house
  • Better if with access to water and electricity

Compost must be done outdoors, in an area protected from the wind and preferably in partial shade. Access to the water supply is optional but strongly recommended because in summer it is sometimes necessary to wet the heap. For the electricity grid, the use of a shredder could be ideal to optimize the phases of composting.

What to put in the compost bin

What are the waste to throw in the compost bin and turn into compost? If you are at the beginning, it is natural to ask yourself what can be composted and what cannot.

You can put in the composter:

  • Remains of fruit and vegetables
  • Remains of uncooked food
  • Dried flowers
  • Tea and coffee filters
  • Remains of wool, feathers, hair
  • Weeds
  • Grass (dried)
  • Foliage
  • Crushed wood materials

In small quantities you can also add:

  • unprinted paper and colorless cardboard
  • excrement of small animals (birds, hens, rabbits, etc.)

Absolutely not to be put incomposterwaste such as bones, ash, soot, chewing gum and cooked foods. Here are some complementary tips for yoursdo it yourself composting.

  • Collect and divide materials for the composting systematically.
  • Separate the branches from the soft remains of the plants.
  • Collect moist, earthy material.
  • Do not accumulate large quantities of the same material, which is why it is always necessary to mix.

In placing the waste in yourscomposter, try to always dose wet and dry waste, the latter must not prevail excessively.

Do it yourself composting, what is needed

To operate the composting there are tools that cannot be missing and others optional but recommended for those who do not want to have problems with bad smells, mixing and clutter. What do you need to make compost?

Composer or heap

First of all you will need a composter to buy or make with the do-it-yourself.On Amazon there is no shortage of excellent models that can be bought with 40 euros. For pricing information and available models: Compostiere on Amazon.

Cloth, but only in the case of a heap or DIY composter

In the case of a DIY heap or compost bin, you will need a sheet to use as a cover. The cloth is necessary to protect the composting from erosion, stagnant water and drying. If you buy onecomposterready for use you will not need it.

Mixer or pitchfork

A mixer or long-handled pitchfork is essential. The compost should be mixed and turned periodically so as to apply good ventilation to the material.

Garden shredder

An unnecessary shredder but strongly recommended for shredding bulky materials such as garden pruning, mowed grass ... and also to reduce maintenance work. If the waste goes through the shredder, there will be less maintenance and less time to devote to composting.

A garden shredder allows you to decrease the volume ofcompostingdomestic and obtaincompostof excellent quality and faster.

The right place

A dimly lit area where you can place the compost container. The container of the composting it must be placed on the ground and never on stone slabs.


They are not necessary but this time again it is a recommended product. Compost does not form easily, especially in months when temperatures are low. There is no shortage of "starter" products on the market capable of starting the chain of fermentation processes that lead to the production of fertile soil.

DIY composting, the directions

To start the do it yourself composting in your garden, outline the perimeter of a square space of at least three meters. Yours compost it can be made in a bin, in a wooden box or simply you can make compost with a heap of matter. The only fundamental aspect is that you must be able to mix the materials.

Add to yours composter layers of carbonaceous matter (pruning branches, dry leaves, straw), layers of nitrogenous matter (vegetable waste, hedge cuts, green leaves, household organic waste ...

When adding a new layer, slightly moisten the compost with water. The water favors the activity of bacteria that will make it possible to produce soil. Avoid adding water if you use an excess of wet material.

A composter well structured it should not emit bad odors, if this happens, add more carbonaceous matter (dry leaves, straw, sawdust ...) and turn the compost more frequently.

Compost material should not be over-compressed and should be turned over periodically. If the compost bin is large enough, the compost can be turned over with a pitchfork.

The compost must be turned over to ventilate and restructure the pile, that is, to undo the agglomerates of material that have compacted. To know when to turn the compost you can read the article on home composting.

Video: How to Make Compost From Start to Finish-Quick u0026 Easy Complete Guide with Digital Table of Contents (June 2022).