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Crosses of known breeds can create new ones that are often a bit of a niche but that does not mean they do not deserve to be told. When you meet animals like the Quarab horse It is in fact a pleasure to describe what wonders nature has been able to create with the hand of man. Let's get to know the history and characteristics of this breed that comes from the cross between an Arabian horse and a Quarter Horse. It should not be confused with the cross between an Arab and a Paint horse which instead takes the name of Paint-arab.
Quarab horse: origins
When cross breeds are made, you can then find out which characteristics of one and the other have come together in a new horse and in this case, in ours Quarab we find the solidity and the psychic balance typical of the Quarter combined with resistance e intelligence that distinguish the Arabian horse.
It is not easy to go and find evidence of the birth of this breed but fortunately there are official documents dating back to 1953, the year in which in the United States of America, homeland of our Quarab, a cross was made between "Indraff", an Arab stallion, and "Cotton Girl", a Quarter Horse, who gave birth to the first filly of the new breed, called "Indy Sue". This horse was originally registered as a Quarter Horse and distinguished itself in various performance races, including Western, Pleasure, Reining and Hunter Under Saddle.
The same skilled mare was also recognized in the circuits of the National Cutting Horse Association and in 1960, after having demonstrated excellent all-around qualities, he won his place in the "Performance Register of Merit".
It was immediately clear that this cross between Quarter Horse and Araba it was truly extraordinary and could give life to a race of its own, with the perfect combination of the solidity and psychic balance of the Quarter and the resistance and intelligence of the Arabs. It was time to recognize it as a separate breed, in an official way, and this happened as a natural next step a few years later when the "United Quarab Registry" was founded, the first official registry founded in the US to promote crossbreeding between Arab, Quarter and Paint Horse horses. In 1999 the Breed Register was created by the International Quarab Horse Association based in Michingan.
Characteristics of the Quarab Horse: height and weight
Depending on the different crossings we can have specimens of different heights that vary 142 to 162 centimeters. As a weight we are around 500 kg but even in this case there may be variations on the average that are not indifferent. It is good to specify, since we are talking about different combinations between the two breeds, which in "Stud Book" Only horses with Quarter Horse or Paint Horse and Arab blood are allowed and the crossings range from 1/8 to 7/8 of blood of one breed compared to the other.
Today the Quarab, whether it has a monochromatic or piebald coat, it has a structure that is similar to that of the Quarter / Paint Horse, therefore a muscular body with rounded hips. Alternatively it can look like the classic Arabic and then sport one slimmer build and with a long and harmonious neck. There is a lot of difference between one horse and another and we can help each other by looking at its appearance depending on the "morphological type" to which it belongs.
The "Foundation Type", which represents the breed standard, is the result of the influence of both bloodlines and it is difficult to recognize their individual features, then there is the "Stock Type" which shows more common traits to Quarter / Paint Horses even if the part of Arab blood is visible, especially in its elegance and morphology. Finally we have the "Pleasure Type" which most closely resembles the Arab breed but retains some characteristics of the Quarter / Paint in the general physical structure.
The cloak of the Quarab could be simple, compound or piebald (tobiano, overo and tovero). The colors recognized by the standard are burnt chestnut, black, bay, palomino, deerskin, cremello, perlino, smoky creme, golden deer, fallow deer, sorcino, chestnut, brown and champagne. In some cases, white spots common to Arabs and Quarter Horses may also appear. Roans and grays are included or not depending on their base colors.
Quarab horse: character
As we have said so far, there is a mix to guess when it comes to the Quarab and therefore also of his character. In most cases, the specimens belonging to this breed have a prevalence of equilibrium that derives from the Arabian horse even if it is a horse with a lively character and an energetic nature. It should be known courses and it is not always suitable for beginners even if a lot can depend on the single horse we are approaching.
Quarab horse: aptitudes
As you may have understood, we are faced with an agile, resistant and versatile horse that has all the cards to excel in the specialty western, endurance and dressage. It is therefore used in sports competitions but we can also see it used in the tourism sector.
Quarab horses: farms in Italy
This athletic horse has also arrived in Italy and since 2006 there has also been the Italian Quarab Horse Association (AICQA), specially founded to promote knowledge of Quarab horse in Italy. Since its creation, this reality has made many steps forward and in 2012 established the Italian Quarab Horse Register to ensure more effective registration coverage of Quarab horses in Italy. The following year this register extended the registration offer to all Quarab horses residing abroad that do not have a reference association in their country, thus becoming a point of reference for all lovers of this breed, Italian and non-Italian. .
You may also be interested in our article with the complete list of all breeds of Horses with links to cards dedicated to each breed.