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The term dysuria refers to pain when urinating or, rather, any discomfort associated with urination. Men and women of any age can be affected by this condition, although it is more common in women and is more commonly associated with urinary tract infections.
What is painful urination (dysuria)?
The term dysuria, as we have already had occasion to recall at the beginning of this study, refers to any pain or discomfort associated with urination. It does not refer to urinary frequency (how often you tend to urinate), although frequency disturbances can often be accompanied by dysuria.
Men and women of any age can experience painful urination. Statistically, however, this problem is more common in women and is commonly associated with urinary tract infections, which - of course - affect women more often than men.
Other people at higher risk for dysuria include pregnant women, men and women with diabetes, men and women with any type of bladder disease.
Causes of pain when urinating
There painful urination for women it can be the result of:
- vaginal infection,
- urinary tract infection,
- inflammation of the urethra (which connects the bladder and genitals) or of the vagina, which may be related to dietary factors.
Inflammation can also be caused by sexual intercourse, the use of special soaps or perfumed toilet paper, contraceptives and spermicides.
In men, the painful urination can be the result of:
- urinary tract infection,
- prostate disease,
- tumor diseases.
In both sexes the pain when urinating it may be the result of a sexually transmitted infection or the side effect of drugs. Cancer chemotherapy drugs or radiation treatments in the pelvic area can inflame the bladder and cause painful urination.
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Symptoms of pain when urinating
THE symptoms of painful urination they can vary from man to woman, but both genders usually experience it as a burning or itching sensation. The pain can be at the beginning of urination or after urination.
Pain at the beginning of urination is often a symptom of a urinary tract infection. Pain after urination, on the other hand, can indicate a bladder or prostate problem. For many male patients, pain can also persist in the penis before and after urination.
Symptoms for female patients can be internal or external. Pain outside the vaginal area can be caused by inflammation or irritation of this sensitive skin. Internal pain can be a symptom of a urinary tract infection.
Diagnosing pain when urinating
Both men and women who suffer from painful urination they should obviously consult a doctor. There dysuria in fact, it may be the symptom of a wider physical condition that may require specific treatment in order to return to prompt well-being.
Normally, the doctor will be able to diagnose the cause of painful urination by describing the symptoms and analyzing a urine sample. This sample will be analyzed for white blood cells, red blood cells or foreign chemicals: the presence of white blood cells will tell your doctor if you have inflammation of the urinary tract.
A urine culture, which takes about two days for final results, will reveal if there is an infection and which bacteria are causing a urinary tract infection. It also lets your doctor know which antibiotics would work in treating the bacteria that attacked you.
If no signs of infection are found in the urine sample, the doctor may suggest further tests to examine the bladder or prostate.
For female patients, the doctor may also decide to take a swab sample of the lining of the vagina or urethra to check for signs of infection.
The doctor will also tend to reconstruct your medical history, asking questions about medical conditions you may have, such as diabetes mellitus or immunodeficiency disorders. He can also ask for information on sexual history to determine if a sexually transmitted infection could be the cause of the pain.
How do you “cure” pain when urinating
But how is painful urination (dysuria) treated? Of course, we cannot fail to premise the few lines that follow, stating that the treatment of dysuria it mainly depends on the cause of the pain. Determining whether painful urination is caused by infection, inflammation, dietary factors, or bladder or prostate problems is therefore the first step in treatment. Urinary tract infections are most commonly treated with a course of antibiotics.
If, on the other hand, the inflammation is caused by skin irritation, usually the cause of the irritant is avoided. If the dysuria is caused by an underlying condition of the bladder or prostate, then the treatment can only be carried out with a positive impact on this underlying determinant. There are several steps you can take to reduce the discomfort of painful urination, however, including drinking more water or requesting an over-the-counter medication that is specifically indicated to treat painful urination. Other treatments require prescription drugs.
Our final advice is, however, always the same: if you suffer from frequent urinary tract infections, your doctor can help you discover the causes of this condition and allow you to find a better well-being that allows you to contain the discomforts, often very annoying, which may be associated with pain when urinating. Therefore, do not underestimate these conditions and speak openly and promptly with your referring physician to find the best cure.