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The headache (medical headache, headache) it's a headache, which can be located anywhere on the head, including over the eyes or ears, behind the head (occipital headache), at the top of the head (coronal headache), or in the back of the upper neck. Headache, such as chest pain or back pain, has many causes.
What are the symptoms of headache
In principle, it is good to premise that all headaches they are considered primary or secondary headaches. The headaches primary are not associated with other diseases. Examples of primary headaches are migraines, tension headaches and cluster headaches. The secondary headaches they are caused by other diseases, which in turn can be classified as minor or major.
In addition, headaches can be associated with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, pain in the eyes when looking at bright lights (photophobia), dizziness, discomfort in the scalp, feeling of pressure in the head.
We also note that there are many different types of headaches. Tension headaches are the most common type of primary headache, experienced in life by at least 90% of adults, with a proportion greater among women than men.
L'migraine it is the second most common type of primary headache. Migraines can affect both children and adults. Before puberty, boys and girls are equally affected by migraines, but after puberty more women than men suffer from it. Migraines are often not diagnosed or are misdiagnosed as tension or sinus headache.
The headaches cluster are a rare but important type of primary headache, which mainly affects men. The average age of those suffering from cluster headaches is 28 to 30 years, although headaches in this category may well begin in childhood.
Secondary headaches, on the other hand, can result from countless conditions, ranging from life-threatening ones such as brain tumors, stroke, meningitis, vasculitis, subarachnoid hemorrhages to less serious but common conditions such as abandonment of caffeine, sinus infection (sinusitis) , and discontinuation of analgesics (pain relievers). Pregnancy also sometimes causes headaches. It is also true that many people suffer from "mixed" headache disorders in which tension headaches or secondary headaches can trigger migraines.
Headache treatment depends on the type and severity of the headache and other factors, such as the patient's age.
Read also: Acupressure and headache
How to cure headache
There headache it must be treated according to the cause that triggered the headache. So, start taking a closer look at the signs and symptoms of headache. Keep a headache diary to help you determine the type of headache. Notice when symptoms appear and what potential triggers may be, such as food, stress, or sleep changes.
There are in fact many types and subtypes of headaches. Chronic daily headaches, occurring 15 days or more per month, are a subtype. Tension-type headaches and migraines are also common subtypes of headaches. Both can be chronic, although they are not always chronic.
For example, tension-type headache, the most common variety of headache, is generally felt as a kind of tight band of pain around the head, a dull ache, or pressure.
It could cause mild to moderate pain on both sides of the head. The problem can be occasional, occur more than 15 days per month (chronic), last at least 30 minutes.
Most of the occasional headaches of the tension type are easily treatable with over-the-counter drugs, including aspirin, ibuprofen, acetaminophen. Medicines prescribed daily, including tricyclic antidepressants, can manage chronic tension-type headaches. Alternative therapies aimed at reducing stress could help, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, biofeedback, massages, acupuncture.
Then there is migraine, which is another common type of headache. Migraines affect women three times more than men, and typically emerge as moderate to severe pain, sometimes accompanied by throbbing, nausea, vomiting, or increased sensitivity to light or sound.
Migraines can affect one side of the head, or both sides. It can get worse with some activities (think running) and tends to last at least a few hours.
The treatment of migraine has the purpose to relieve symptoms is prevent further attacks. If you know what triggers your migraine, avoiding these triggers and learning how to manage them can help prevent migraines or reduce pain. Treatment might include rest in a quiet, dark room, hot or cold head or neck compresses, massage and small amounts of caffeine, use of over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen and aspirin, prescription medications, including triptans, such as sumatriptan and zolmitriptan, preventative drugs such as metoprolol, propranolol, amitriptyline, divalproex, topiramate, or erenumab.
Only in some cases may migraines require more drastic intervention. Tell your doctor if you have a very severe and sudden headache, headache after a head injury or fall, fever, stiff neck, rash, confusion, seizures, double vision, weakness, numbness or difficulty speaking.
In conclusion, we emphasize how almost everyone has a headache at least sometimes in their life, and in principle there is almost never anything to worry about. But if headaches are disturbing your activities, work or private life, it's time to see your doctor. Headaches can't always be avoided, but your doctor can help you manage the symptoms.