Tamerice: plant and care

Tamerice: plant and care

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Tamarice: plant and its cultivation. How to grow thetamarix gallicaand other species of the genus Tamarix. Features and care to devote totamarisk.

Tamarisk or tamarisk

It is known astamariskand it is a very cultivated plant in Italy. It is used for reforestation especially in arid and sandy places. In our country thetamariskit commonly grows on coasts, on the shores of streams and, more generally, in the coastal areas of the western Mediterranean from 0 to 800 meters above sea level.

Tamarice: plant

That of tamariciis a genus of plants native to the sandy and brackish areas of India, Southern Europe and China. The most widespread species is the tamarix gallica, also known as the common tamarisk.

The tamarisk can have shrub or sapling habit. In this genus there are 60 species, some of them are evergreen and others shed their leaves. Those with shrubby habit reach contained heights while the sapling tamarisks reach important heights, even higher than 15 meters.

These plants cancultivatefor ornamental purposes, even on difficult terrain and less than ideal environments. They can be grown in isolation, to create colored spots, forgrow a flowering hedgewell compacted or even in pots. They adapt to the sea, wind and steep terrain.

Tamarix bonsai

ThetamariskI'mplantsmillifere, with flowers attract foraging bees and butterflies. There are several species of tamariskthat can be cultivated. Some species are widely used for the technique ofbonsai. The species oftamariskused for bonsai are:

  • Tamarix juniperina or Tamarix chinensis
  • T. parviflora
  • T. ramosissima

Although these three species are used for the cultivation ofbonsai, it is not certain that they can give excellent results when grown in the garden. For example, theTamarix parviflorait gives very generous blooms and is much appreciated for its resistance.

Tamarix gallica

Betweentamaricibtamarix gallica is the most widespread species. Grown in Italy as an ornamental plant for its small pink flowers. It is also known by the vulgar names of:

  • Cypressin
  • Tamarisk
  • Tamerisco
  • Marine broom

It adapts well to brackish environments. Based on pruning, it can be grown as a shrub or small woody tree. In its ideal habitat it reaches a maximum height of 9-10 meters but generally, when grown in the garden, it does not exceed 5-6 meters.

Theretamarix gallicais a semi-evergreen. It has a short and erect trunk but the plant shows a strong tendency to bend! The plant is valued for its flowering. The flowers are small but very numerous, they gather in terminal spikes until they completely cover the external surface of the plant. The flowers are pink or whitish.

And oftencultivatedas a hedge or for the construction of a windbreak barrier. The speciestamarix gallicaand t. parviflora are among the most resistant to wind, sandy, salty and brackish areas.

Therefloweringruns from May to July. The plant grows well in saline soils so much that it is counted among the halophytic plants.

Tamarix parviflora

Thistamarix, just like the Gallic tamarisk, it has a shrubby habit. It can grow up to 3 meters in height, covering large areas. With its shrubby habit, in width, a plant can cover an area of ​​three meters. Theretamarix parviflora plantblooms in May. Its flowering is a very elegant dark pink. Like the Gallic tamarisk, the parviflora is also heavily loaded with flowers! Tamarix parviflora is particularly suitable for growing in windy areas. It resists wind well, so with targeted pruning and some extra attention, it can also be grown on a windy balcony.

If thetamarix gallicais a semi-evergreen shrub, the tamarix parviflora completely loses its leaves with the arrival of winter. The leaves have a bright green color, iflowers are dark pink.

Tamarice: cultivation of the plant

The multiplication of thetamarix plantit occurs starting from the seed, by woody cutting or by offshoot (in autumn). For cultivation it does not need much care. Just respect a few simple rules such as:

  • It wants a very bright, sunny exposure. It grows well in full sun.
  • It grows in loose and light soils, preferably sandy. Avoid planting in clayey or asphyxiated soils. It also grows well in brackish soils, as long as they are worked with a deep dig.
  • These are hardy plants, resistant to drought and cold.
  • They resist the heat and are rarely attacked by parasites.

Video: Trevor on Tamarisk (June 2022).