Guinea fowl hen: breeding and characteristics

Guinea fowl hen: breeding and characteristics

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Guinea fowl hen: breeding, care and feeding. The work to be dedicated to a small breeding of guinea fowl mitrata. Tips for maintenance and reproduction.

Its scientific name is Numida meleagris and is widespread in the wild in Northern Africa. In our country there is no shortage of farmsguinea fowl henswell underway. If you are considering breedingPharaohdon't worry, if you already have experience with the classic laying hen you are halfway there.

Guinea fowl mitrata

It is a medium-large sized bird: it is about 60 cm long and due to its posture and habits, it recalls the classic hen. Due to the similarity in behavior, theguinea fowl mitratait is also known asguinea fowl hen.

The plumage is very distinctive and can diversify. Inguinea fowlclassic domestic the plumage is mainly black with white speckles and lilac shades on the chest. There is no lack of such light gray varietiesblue pharaohor lilac guinea fowl (with pink-purple color) and beige isabelline (chamois). By crossing different varieties, plumages of the most disparate colors are obtained.

Guinea fowl hen: breeding

To raise the guinea fowl it is preferable to have a large grassy space where the animals can graze freely. To ensure good spawning and possible reproduction, just keep the ratio: 1 to 5. That is to introduce amale pharaohevery 5-6pharaoh females.

Therefemale carries a brood with 5 - 8 eggs. The eggs have a hard, dark and shiny shell. Hatching (or incubation) lasts 25 days. In farms with confined spaces, these animals can engage in aggressive behavior.

In the summer months theguinea fowl henfull-scale spawning continues. During this period, incubation can be continued without the need to use heating lamps. The temperatures are ideal as long as the shelters are well protected from drafts.

Summer is the best time to start abreeding of guinea fowl hens: climatic temperatures are ideal for this bird. When purchasing thepharaohsmake sure the seller has themvaccinatedagainst pseudo-plague. If the vaccine has not been done, do it yourself.

Animal guinea fowl: Newcastle disease or pseudopest

Thevaccineit is prescribed by the veterinarian and, prescription in hand, can be bought at the pharmacy. For the administration of the vaccine you can get help from a veterinarian or provide it yourself. Before putting the pharaohs when grazing, give one drop to each eye (or nostril!) pharaoh. It is a liquid vaccine that is absorbed by the ocular mucosa.

Guinea fowl hens can be very hardy but have been shown to be vulnerable to this viral form known as 'Newcastle disease'. The vaccine must be done otherwise such viral form can lead to death every head. Symptoms? Stiff neck, tremors, lying on the ground in abnormal positions and other neurological symptoms.


On many blogs we read that the nutrition ofguinea fowl henit is similar to that of chicken. In reality this is not the case: it is necessary to follow a nutritional model similar to that of the laying hen with some extra feed supplements for the animals destined for fattening.

At guinea fowl hens, in fact, a mineral supplement must never be missing for the production of healthy eggs intended for hatching or incubation.

Mixtures of chopped shells can be easily found on the market. Add these supplements to a grain or feed blend at a dose of 50 grams of supplement for every kilogram of blend administered.

Have theguinea fowl hens: life outdoors is very beneficial to animals, both for strengthening the skeleton and muscles and for the quality of the meat and the gain in weight.

In addition to the mixes mentioned, you can add kitchen scraps such as fruit, leafy vegetables and other vegetable scraps.

Make sure that the troughs are always filled with fresh, clean water.

Guinea fowl eggs

Goose eggs, ostrich eggs, quail eggs, guinea fowl eggs… They intrigue and fascinate due to the difficult availability! Thereguinea fowlit's aanimalappreciated for its excellent meats but also for its seasonal egg production. The deposition goes from March to September when the guinea fowl is raised in a natural environment.

In artificially heated environments, guinea fowl produces 200 eggs per year. Guinea fowl eggs are small (weighing less than 45 grams) and have a very hard, light brown shell. Theguinea fowl eggsthey can be used like chicken eggs.

Video: Guinea fowl in nesting box (June 2022).